According to the Online Cambridge Dictionary, a ‘Paraphrase‘ is “to repeat something written or spoken using different words, often in a humorous form or in a simpler and shorter form that makes the original meaning clearer”.
Quite often, in the IELTS Speaking exam, the ‘Paraphrasing’ covered in the Lexcial Resource section of the criteria, synonyms can be used.
A ‘Synonym‘ is defined as “a word or phrase that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or phrase in the same language”.
There are other ways, such as using an opposite/negative:
It was hard = It wasn’t easy
Another way is to use more/less formal language:
I’m concerned = I’m worried/I’m stressed.
Both of these are essential in the IELTS Speaking Exam and important in the IELTS Writing exam for the higher (6.5+) scores.
Below are some more common Synoyms used with those in my new 9分达人 Speaking book highlighted.
Hard, not easy, challenging
Convenient, not difficult
Pros, good things, benefits, positives
Cons, bad things, drawbacks, negatives
Persons, the public, mankind
College, Higher Education
Young person, kids, little ones
Benficial, excellent, advantageous
Not good, detrimental, un-, dis-,
Get better, enhance
Like the most, like the best
Enjoy, prefer, fun to do
Where I live
Crucial, essential, vital
Loathe, detest, dislike
Looked after, maintained, saved
Rushed off my feet, manic
Clean, neat, everything in its place
Breather, rest, holiday
Chuckle, giggle, amuse
on stage, in real life
not so expensive, budget